Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine



The Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine is focused on HIV/AIDS treatment, prevention and related topics relevant to clinical and public health practice. The purpose of the journal is to disseminate original research results and to support high-level learning related to HIV Medicine. It publishes original research articles, editorials, case reports/case series, reviews of state-of-the-art clinical practice, and correspondence.

 

For full information and to view our latest articles visit  http://www.sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/issue/archive





  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    12 Apr 2018

    Adegoke O. Adefolalu

    Cognitive-behavioural theories and adherence: Application and relevance in antiretroviral therapy


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    12 Apr 2018

    Violet Awori, Peter Mativo, Gerald Yonga, Reena C. Shah

    The association between asymptomatic and mild neurocognitive impairment and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among people living with human immunodeficiency virus


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    12 Apr 2018

    Nireshni Naidoo, Jean Railton, Geoffrey Jobson, Nthabiseng Matlakala, Gert Marincowitz, James A. McIntyre, Helen Struthers, Remco P.H. Peters

    Making ward-based outreach teams an effective component of human immunodeficiency virus programmes in South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    10 Apr 2018

    Harishia Naidoo, Theunis Avenant, Ameena Goga

    Completeness of the Road-to-Health Booklet and Road-to-Health Card: Results of cross-sectional surveillance at a provincial tertiary hospital


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    28 Mar 2018

    Kathleen M. Powis, Shahin Lockman, Gbolahan Ajibola, Michael D. Hughes, Kara Bennett, Jean Leidner, Oganne Batlang, Kerapetse Botebele, Sikhulile Moyo, Erik van Widenfelt, Joseph Makhema, Chipo Petlo,

    Similar HIV protection from four weeks of zidovudine versus nevirapine prophylaxis among formula-fed infants in Botswana


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    27 Mar 2018

    Micah Oyaro, John Wylie, Chien-Yu Chen, Raphael O. Ondondo, Anna Kramvis

    Human immunodeficiency virus infection predictors and genetic diversity of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus co-infections among drug users in three major Kenyan cities


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    27 Feb 2018

    Nathan Geffen, Alex Welte

    Modelling the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic: A review of the substance and role of models in South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    01 Feb 2018

    Zoe Duby, Busisiwe Nkosi, Andrew Scheibe, Ben Brown, Linda-Gail Bekker

    'Scared of going to the clinic’: Contextualising healthcare access for men who have sex with men, female sex workers and people who use drugs in two South African cities


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 19 No 1
    01 Feb 2018

    Natasha Khamisa, Maboe Mokgobi

    Risky sexual behaviour and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) among healthcare workers


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Ahmed I. Bhigjee, Anandan A. Moodley, Izanne Roos, Cait-Lynn Wells, Pratistadevi Ramdial, Monika Esser

    The neuromyelitis optica presentation and the aquaporin-4 antibody in HIV-seropositive and seronegative patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Andrew P. Scheibe, Zoe Duby, Ben Brown, Eduard J. Sanders, Linda-Gail Bekker

    Attitude shifts and knowledge gains: Evaluating men who have sex with men sensitisation training for healthcare workers in the Western Cape, South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Delarise M. Mulqueeny, Myra Taylor

    Patients’ recommendations for a patient-centred public antiretroviral therapy programme in eThekwini, KwaZulu-Natal


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Denver Narainsamy, Saajida Mahomed

    Delays in switching patients onto second-line antiretroviral treatment at a public hospital in eThekwini, KwaZulu-Natal


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Ferdinand C. Mukumbang

    Actions of female sex workers who experience male condom failure during penetrative sexual encounters with clients in Cape Town: Implications for HIV prevention strategies


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Bhakti Hansoti, Sarah E. Hill, Madeleine Whalen, David Stead, Andy Parrish, Richard Rothman, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Thomas C. Quinn

    Patient and provider attitudes to emergency department-based HIV counselling and testing in South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Barbara A. Hanrahan, Adri Williams

    Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV guidelines: Nurses’ views at four primary healthcare facilities in the Limpopo Province


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Leigh F. Johnson, Rob E. Dorrington, Haroon Moolla

    Progress towards the 2020 targets for HIV diagnosis and antiretroviral treatment in South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Leigh F. Johnson, Rob E. Dorrington, Haroon Moolla

    HIV epidemic drivers in South Africa: A model-based evaluation of factors accounting for inter-provincial differences in HIV prevalence and incidence trends


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Michélle Pienaar, Francois C. van Rooyen, Corinna M. Walsh

    Reported health, lifestyle and clinical manifestations associated with HIV status in people from rural and urban communities in the Free State Province, South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Lennart P. Maljaars, Katherine Gill, Philip J. Smith, Glenda E. Gray, Janan J. Dietrich, Gabriela B. Gomez, Linda-Gail Bekker

    Condom migration after introduction of pre-exposure prophylaxis among HIV-uninfected adolescents in South Africa: A cohort analysis


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Jade C. Mogambery, Halima Dawood, Douglas Wilson, Anand Moodley

    HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder in a KwaZulu-Natal HIV clinic: A prospective study


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Cari L. Miller, Busisiwe Nkala, Kalysha Closson, Jason Chia, Zishan Cui, Alexis Palmer, Robert Hogg, Angela Kaida, Glenda Gray, Janan Dietrich

    The Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Study: A profile of adolescents in Soweto, South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Joram Nyandat, Gisela van Rensburg

    Non-disclosure of HIV-positive status to a partner and mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Evidence from a case–control study conducted in a rural county in Kenya


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Timothy Martin, Morgan Mweene

    Late stage presentation of HIV-positive patients to antiretroviral outpatient clinic in Zambia


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Claire van Deventer, Anne Wright

    The psychosocial impact of caregiving on the family caregivers of chronically ill AIDS and/or HIV patients in home-based care: A qualitative study in Zimbabwe


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Nathan Geffen, Marcus O. Low

    When to start antiretroviral treatment? A history and analysis of a scientific controversy


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Mwila Mulubwa, Michelle Viljoen, Iolanthe M. Kruger, Herculina S. Kruger, Malie Rheeders

    Bone turnover markers in HIV-infected women on tenofovir-based antiretroviral therapy


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Hoosain F. Paruk, Ahmed I. Bhigjee, Suzaan Marais

    A comparative study of human T-cell lymphotropic virus-associated myelopathy in HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients in KwaZulu-Natal


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Graeme Meintjes, Michelle A. Moorhouse, Sergio Carmona, Natasha Davies, Sipho Dlamini, Cloete van Vuuren, Thandekile Manzini, Moeketsi Mathe, Yunus Moosa, Jennifer Nash, Jeremy Nel, Yoliswa Pakade, Jo

    Adult antiretroviral therapy guidelines 2017


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Francois Venter, Mohammed Majam, Lauren Jankelowitz, Siraaj Adams, Michelle Moorhouse, Sergio Carmona, Wendy Stevens, Busisiwe R. Msimanga, David Allen, Pooja Balani, Zwoitwaho Nevhutalu, Naleni Rhagn

    South African HIV self-testing policy and guidance considerations


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Mohamed F. Sacoor

    Disseminated cutaneous histoplasmosis with laryngeal involvement in a setting of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Hayati Demiraslan, Kemal Deniz, Mehmet Doganay

    Multiple papular lesions in a patient with HIV and/or AIDS and coinfected with hepatitis B virus: Amyloidosis


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Carolina E. Nel

    HIV and the histopathologist


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Andrea S. Mendelsohn

    Empowering patients, empowering clinicians: How the lessons of HIV can inform chronic disease management across the primary healthcare system


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Mukesh Dheda

    Efavirenz and neuropsychiatric effects


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Mukesh Dheda

    Herbal slimming formulations or remedies interact with antiretroviral therapy


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Karen Koch

    Photosensitive disorders in HIV


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Michael T. Boswell, Theresa M. Rossouw

    Approach to acute kidney injury in HIV-infected patients in South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Barbara A. Hanrahan, Adri Williams

    Corrigendum: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV guidelines: Nurses’ views at four primary healthcare facilities in the Limpopo Province


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 18 No 1
    31 Dec 2017

    Acknowledgement to reviewers


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Magdel E. Rossouw, Morna Cornell, Mark F. Cotton, Monika M. Esser

    Feeding practices and nutritional status of HIV-exposed and HIV-unexposed infants in the Western Cape


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Damilola Awolesi, Mergan Naidoo, Mohammed H. Cassimijee

    The profile and frequency of known risk factors or comorbidities for deep vein thrombosis in an urban district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Olufemi B. Omole, Mary-Anne M.L. Semenya

    Treatment outcomes in a rural HIV clinic in South Africa: Implications for health care


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Neil K. Morris, Lorraine du Toit-Prinsloo, Lynne Webber, Gert Saayman

    The prevalence of HIV in the sudden, unexplained and unexpected death population at the Pretoria Medico-Legal Laboratory


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Naseem Cassim, Lindi M. Coetzee, Kathryn Schnippel, Deborah K. Glencross

    Compliance to HIV treatment monitoring guidelines can reduce laboratory costs


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Mandisa Skhosana, Shabashini Reddy, Tarylee Reddy, Siphelele Ntoyanto, Elizabeth Spooner, Gita Ramjee, Noluthando Ngomane, Anna Coutsoudis, Photini Kiepiela

    PIMA (TM) point-of-care testing for CD4 counts in predicting antiretroviral initiation in HIV-infected individuals in KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Simon Taukeni, Ronel Ferreira

    HIV and/or AIDS awareness among adolescents in a South African at-risk rural community


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Andrew Revell, Paul Khabo, Lotty Ledwaba, Sean Emery, Dechao Wang, Robin Wood, Carl Morrow, Hugo Tempelman, Raph L. Hamers, Peter Reiss, Ard van Sighem, Anton Pozniak, Julio Montaner, H. Clifford Lane

    Computational models as predictors of HIV treatment outcomes for the Phidisa cohort in South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Razia Gaida, Ilse Truter, Christoffel Grobler

    Incidence of neuropsychiatric side effects of efavirenz in HIV-positive treatment-naïve patients in public-sector clinics in the Eastern Cape


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Thandiwe Manjati, Bongani Nkambule, Hayley Ipp

    Immune activation is associated with decreased thymic function in asymptomatic, untreated HIV-infected individuals


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Mwila Mulubwa, Malie Rheeders, Carla Fourie, Michelle Viljoen

    Associations between plasma tenofovir concentration and renal function markers in HIV-infected women


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Somya Gupta, Reuben Granich

    When will sub-Saharan Africa adopt HIV treatment for all?


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Ivo N. Azia, Ferdinand C. Mukumbang, Brian van Wyk

    Barriers to adherence to antiretroviral treatment in a regional hospital in Vredenburg, Western Cape, South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Nnamdi O. Ndubuka, Hyun J. Lim, Dirk M. van der Wal, Valerie J. Ehlers

    Health-related quality of life of antiretroviral treatment defaulters in Botswana


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Samuel Nambile Cumber, Joyce M. Tsoka-Gwegweni

    Knowledge and practice of condom use as well as perceived barriers among street adolescents in Cameroon


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Ahmad Haeri Mazanderani, Karl-Günter Technau, Nei-yuan Hsiao, Jean Maritz, Sergio Carmona, Gayle G. Sherman

    Recommendations for the management of indeterminate HIV PCR results within South Africa’s early infant diagnosis programme


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Jeanmari King, Dirk T. Hagemeister

    Hepatitis B co-infection in HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at the TC Newman Anti Retroviral Treatment Clinic in Paarl, Western Cape


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Theresa M. Rossouw, Sonia Hitchcock, Mariëtte Botes

    The end of the line? A case of drug resistance to third-line antiretroviral therapy


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Gladness Nethathe, Nirav Patel

    Survival after Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia requiring ventilation: A case report


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Michelle Moorhouse, Francesca Conradie, Francois Venter

    What is the role of CD4 count in a large public health antiretroviral programme?


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Linda-Gail Bekker, Kevin Rebe, Francois Venter, Gary Maartens, Michelle Moorhouse, Francesca Conradie, Carole Wallis, Vivian Black, Beth Harley, Robyn Eakle

    Southern African guidelines on the safe use of pre-exposure prophylaxis in persons at risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 17 No 1
    31 Dec 2016

    Acknowledgement to reviewers


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 16 No 1
    31 Dec 2015

    Adult ARV therapy guidelines; Impact of combination ARV therapy initiation on adherence; Attracting, equipping and retaining young medical doctors in SA; A case of emmonsiosis in an HIV-infected child.


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 15 No 4
    19 Dec 2014

    Guideline: Adult antiretroviral therapy guidelines 2014; ‘Double-gloving’ during surgical procedures to prevent HIV exposure; Paediatric ART outcomes in a decentralised model of care; Case report: Disseminated fatal Talaromyces infection


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 15 No 3
    18 Sep 2014

    Management of diarrhoea in HIV positive adults; HIV and the placenta; closing the gaps on PMTCT


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 15 No 2
    11 Jun 2014

    Timing of antenatal care and ART initiation in nurse-driven services; Genital tract HIV shedding; CSF findings in patients presenting with meningitis


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 15 No 1
    05 Mar 2014

    Reflections of ten years of ART in the public sector


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 14 No 4
    15 Dec 2013

    Perceived adherence barriers among patients failing second-line ART; Impact of ART on pregnancy outcomes


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 14 No 3
    01 Oct 2013

    Management of drug-induced liver injuryin HIV/TB co-infected patients • Optimal time to start ART after cryptococcal meningitis


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 14 No 2
    07 Jun 2013

    Cryptoccocal guidelines; ART adherence clubs; Challenges to delivering quality PMTCT care


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 14 No 1
    13 Mar 2013

    HIV and concurrency of sexual partnerships in SA language groups. Transitioning behaviourally HIV-infected youths into adult care.


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 13 No 4
    25 Nov 2012

    HIV resistance testing guidelines • ART for all HIV-infected pregnant women? • Discordant immune responses on ART • Psychotropic prescribing in HIV


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 13 No 3
    16 Sep 2012

    New Adult ART guidelines • Abacavir use in Gauteng • TB/HIV Integration in primary care


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 13 No 2
    12 Jun 2012

    The June 2012 issue of the Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 13 No 1
    30 Mar 2012

    The March 2012 issue of the Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine


  • SAJHIVMED Vol 12, No 4
    01 Dec 2011

    The December 2011 edition of the Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 12, No 3
    01 Sep 2011

    Treat the People, Prevent the Infections


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 12, No 2
    01 Jun 2011

    Provider-initiated counselling and testing (PICT): An overviewSouthern African Journal of HIV Medicine


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 12, No 1
    01 Apr 2011

    Children’s palliative care in South Africa: An urgent need for an evidence base


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 11, No 2
    01 Sep 2010

    Pneumocystis jirovecii infection of the external auditory canal


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 11, No 2
    01 Apr 2010

    Stigma, human rights, testing and treatment – time for action: Ruben Sher Memorial Lecture, 26 November 2009


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 10, No 4
    01 Dec 2009

    The emerging need for adolescent-focused HIV care in South Africa


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 10, No 3
    01 Oct 2009

    Common mental disorders in people living with HIV/AIDS


  • SAJHIVMED, Vol 10, No 2
    01 Jul 2009

    In memory of Dr Steve Andrews (1970 - 2009)


  • September 2008
    01 Sep 2008

    International guidelines on HIV testing stipulate that only certified persons should perform HIV testing.


  • June 2008
    01 Jun 2008

    In this article, we will first explore Manguzi Hospital


  • March 2008
    01 Mar 2008

    HIV testing and ARV prophylaxis for newborns without their mothers´ consent


  • June 2007
    01 Jun 2007

    The South African National Strategic Plan: What does it mean for our health system?


  • March 2007
    01 Mar 2007

    TB or XDR TB, should that be the question?


  • September 2006
    01 Sep 2006

    Structured treatment interruptions: Is there an alternative to lifelong HAART?


  • June 2006
    01 Jun 2006

    The role of stavudine in the South African public sector antiretroviral programme: Should the perfect be the enemy of the good?


  • March 2006
    01 Mar 2006

    Guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis and management of NRTI-associated symptomatic hyperlactataemia and lactic acidosis


  • November 2004
    01 Nov 2004

    Managing HIV as a chronic disease: Using interactive data collection to improve clincal careSouthern African Journal of HIV Medicine


  • August 2004
    01 Aug 2004

    Efficacy of secondary isoniazid preventive therapy among HIV-infected southern Africans:Time to change policy?


  • March 2004
    01 Mar 2004

    Immune restoration in the context of HAART


  • August 2003
    01 Aug 2003

    ‘No place for no treatment’— a new era dawns


  • May 2003
    01 May 2003

    A crack in the dam wall



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